It’s October, and that means the cultural images of heaven and hell (especially hell) will be in full display in our stores, on our homes and in the costumes our children will wear while trick-or-treating. However entertaining they may be, these images don’t resemble the heaven or hell described in the Bible. Which raises the issue: What do we believe about heaven and hell, and where did we get such ideas?

Download a study guide for “By the light of grace: How does the ELCA understand heaven and hell?” which appeared in the October 2018 print edition of Living Lutheran. The pdf includes four pages of discussion questions and a copy of the article.


Robert C. Blezard
Robert C. Blezard is pastor of St. Paul Lutheran Church in Aberdeen, Md., and editor of Living Lutheran's study guides. Previously he served as an assistant to the bishop of the Lower Susquehanna Synod.

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