“There’s no place like home for the holidays,” claims the popular Christmas song. For many ELCA missionaries, however, celebrating Christmas away from home is an opportunity to bear witness to the blessings of the global Lutheran church.  

As they share Christmas worship, meals and other traditions in a rich diversity of cultures, many missionaries discover a new understanding of the church holiday—and their faith—along the way. Here’s what six missionaries have observed from their unique contexts. 


Krystle Moraska and Ignacio Madrussan 

Young Adults in Global Mission (YAGM) country coordinators, Argentina and Uruguay 

Krystle Moraska and Ignacio Madrussan and their son, Emilio, who is now 2 years old, host an annual Christmas celebration for ELCA Young Adults in Global Mission volunteers in their home. Photo: Courtesy of Krystle Moraska

In Argentina, Krystle Moraska said Christmas heralds long summer days, lush green landscapes and the end of the school year. 

Congregations of the United Evangelical Lutheran Church, which serves both Argentina and Uruguay, offer Escuela de Navidad or Adviento (“Christmas/Advent School”), a program that resembles vacation Bible school. The climate prompts its own symbols for the holiday, like one popular Christmas song that describes bringing flowers to the baby Jesus. Families come together for Christmas Eve fireworks and a late-night dinner around a big table—for Madrussan’s family in Bariloche, Argentina, a whole grilled lamb is usually on the menu. 

Moraska and Madrussan encourage YAGM volunteers to experience Christmas with their host families and communities. They also host an annual evening of Christmas music and cookies in their home. Together with their 2-year-old son, Emilio, the couple looks forward to Christmas as “a time when everything starts to slow down, when you can ask, ‘How was the year?’ and reflect,” Madrussan said. 


Eric and Wendolyn Trozzo 

Theological education, East Malaysia (Borneo) 

Wendolyn Trozzo and her son, Dante, dance in soap-bubble snow at the Christmas fair in Borneo (East Malaysia). Photo: Courtesy of Wendolyn Trozzo

Thanks to its religious diversity, “Malaysia has the most public holidays of any country in the world,” said Wendolyn Trozzo. Christmas is no different. In Borneo, a weeklong city Christmas fair offers a stage for local congregations to perform, and the governor and prime minister sponsor Christmas greetings on a downtown billboard. 

There’s even snow, sort of—it’s manufactured from the same tiny soap bubbles that movies use to simulate winter. 

“We’re in the tropics,” Eric Trozzo said, “so every day of the year is about 90 degrees and 90 percent humidity.” When “every day is the same,” he added, Christmas is about “faith wrapped in ordinary life.” 

Wendolyn Trozzo agrees: “The incarnation happens daily—it didn’t stop when Jesus was born.” 

Along with sons Dante, 12, and Caedmon, 9, the couple opens Christmas presents with Grandma via Skype and share a meal of Yorkshire pudding, Australian turkey and soy milk at church. New traditions, Eric Trozzo said, are a reminder that “I don’t have to do the same things I did growing up. God still comes.” 


Carrie Smith 

ELCA pastor and special assistant to the bishop, Jerusalem/West Bank 

Carrie Smith offers a children’s message as part of the joint Christmas Eve service at Christmas Lutheran Church in Bethlehem. Photo: Ben Gray/ELCJHL

Although Christians make up just 1 percent of the population of Israel and Palestine, Carrie Smith said both Muslims and Christians take pride in their communities’ role in the Christmas story. The Evangelical Lutheran Church in Jordan and the Holy Land offers Christmas fairs, bazaars and a school Christmas program; the town of Beit Jala holds an annual parade for St. Nicholas; and Christmas Lutheran Church in Bethlehem hosts English- and German-speaking congregations from Jerusalem for a joint Christmas Eve service.  

Even Christmas is no escape from the realities of conflict between Israel and Palestine, Smith said. “I have an olive-wood nativity set that has a security wall around it,” she said. “The man who sold it to me said, ‘If Jesus were born today the wise men couldn’t get there.’ But he also built a door in the wall.” 

To Smith, this signifies the strength of the faith of Palestinians living under occupation. “We don’t give up our hopes for peace and justice because we know love was born in Bethlehem. … God has not abandoned us and, in fact, God was born among us,” she said. 

“I have an olive-wood nativity set that has a security wall around it,” she said. “The man who sold it to me said, ‘If Jesus were born today the wise men couldn’t get there.’ But he also built a door in the wall.”Carrie Smith


Kristin Engstrom 

YAGM country coordinator, Senegal 

Jessica Roit, a former ELCA Young Adults in Global Mission volunteer, hangs Christmas decorations at the Senegalese Lutheran Development Services preschool. Photo: Courtesy of Kristin Engstrom

In a culture where Christians and Muslims live side by side in the same communities, and sometimes the same households, Kristin Engstrom finds that Christmas is for all: “It is beyond anyone’s comprehension that you would ever exclude someone from a celebration or meal because they’re of a different faith.” 

Local markets sell Christmas trees; tinsel appears on doors and cars; and in schools of the Senegalese Lutheran Development Service, both Christian and Muslim students celebrate the end of term with a Christmas program featuring songs and presentations from their cultural traditions. Père Noël (Father Christmas) arrives to dance by the tree and give gifts (provided by parents) to every child. 

For Engstrom, Christmas is a sign of how “in a Senegalese context, for both Christians and Muslims, God is at the center of life … here in Senegal, people have so much grace.”

Meghan Johnston Aelabouni
Meghan Johnston Aelabouni is a doctoral candidate in religious studies and a country coordinator for the ELCA Young Adults in Global Mission program in Jerusalem and the West Bank.

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